Whack Job: 1968 Norma EG-421

The Norma EG-421 plays great, sounds unique and looks dashing. And if it ends up providing you with your signature sound, so much the better!
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1968 Norma EG-421

1968 Norma EG-421

I remember seeing Jackson Browne for the first time back in the day, when the amazing David Lindley was in his band. While he could have played the most expensive guitars available, Lindley sported instruments by Teisco, National and EKO, to name a few. In the arrogant ignorance of my youth, I would have laughed at him if he hadn’t sounded so great. Since then, many other guitarists — including David Bowie, Jack White and St. Vincent, to name a few — have followed in Lindley’s footsteps by playing off-brand guitars. Heck, even EVH played a mid-’60s Teisco Spectrum V.

All of which makes me wonder: Could this Japanese-made Norma EG-421 electric guitar help someone find their voice?


The shape looks rather familiar, but check out the four volume knobs, four on/off rocker switches, three-position tone switch and additional rhythm/solo rocker switch. That’s a lot of controls by anyone’s standards. But when a guitar has four — yes, four — pickups, an embarrassment of switches may not be the weirdest thing it has going for it.


By the late 1960s, most of the guitar companies flooding the U.S. market with entry-level guitars began to figure out how to make a decent guitar and still undercut the American manufacturers. Enter the Norma EG-421. Though some of its parts look similar to Teisco’s, it was made by the Tomba Company in Japan and imported through the Chicago distributor Strum’n Drum. The guitar has a slim steel-reinforced maple neck with a fast 22-fret rosewood fingerboard. The mother-of-pearl neck inlays are shaped like the letter N or Z, depending on your viewpoint, and are, to my eye, quite pleasing. The split pickups look like dominoes, and the headstock is large and stylish. But of course, the burning question is, How does it sound?

Let’s just say that, when it comes to tone, the Norma EG-421 gives you a lot of choices. The pickups all sound rather thin, but in an interesting way. Each has a dedicated volume knob and kill switch and can be combined with the others in any configuration you want. That’s where the fun begins. For instance, turning a pickup’s volume up full and adjusting the volume of an adjacent unit will throw the first pickup out of phase in a grungy sort of way. The rotary tone switch offers three preset EQs that change not only the tone but also the phasing. On top of all that, the rhythm/solo switch can either boost or cut the level, depending on the pickup configuration. Seriously, I lost track of the tonal combinations after 12 switch changes.

The tremolo works nicely, dropping everything down about a half step. The bridge on this example has been upgraded to a Tune-o-matic style, and the previous owner added two string trees; the original “towel rack” string retainer didn’t offer enough tension for the higher four strings. With clean tone or slight overdrive, this guitar is sparkly, fun and different. Unfortunately, the pickups are very microphonic and have difficulty at loud volumes.


Back in 1968, this guitar, while not exactly cheap, cost a fraction of what you might have spent on an American guitar with many fewer features. I paid about $400 for mine a few years back, but even now, they are trending upward of $800.


Like so many guitars I write about, the Norma EG-421 plays great, sounds unique and looks dashing. And if it ends up providing you with your signature sound, so much the better!

Got a whack job of your own? Feel free to get in touch with me at rtcarleton@gmail.com. Who knows? Maybe I’ll write about it.