“We Started to Make Our Act Aggressive”: Watch Pete Townshend Attack his Marshall in Footage from ‘Lost’ 1966 Interview

Pete Townshend performing with English rock group The Who, in Felixstowe, Suffolk, 9th September 1966.
Pete Townshend performing with the Who in 1966. (Image credit: Chris Morphet/Redferns/Getty Images)

The original Lord of Loud, Pete Townshend was on a mission in 1965 to have the most potent sonic weapon he could unleash on the audience and be heard over Keith Moon’s drumming.

The guitarist had also realized it was much easier to hear himself and get controllable electric guitar feedback when his speakers were elevated to ear level.

So he went to Jim Marshall and asked the amp maker to build an 8x12 cabinet to use with the new 100-watt amps Marshall had recently developed at Pete’s urging.

Since Marshall had already created a 4x12 to use with the JTM-45 head, his solution was to build a straight-front 4x12 and sit the angled-front cab (model 1960A (opens in new tab)) on top of it.

The Who, Roger Daltrey, John Entwistle, Pete Townshend & Keith Moon

The Who (L-R): singer Roger Daltrey, bassist John Entwistle (1944-2002), guitarist Pete Townshend, and drummer Keith Moon (1946-1978) (Image credit: Chris Morphet/Redferns)

But Pete wanted one cabinet with all eight 12s in it. Told the cabinet would be despised by the roadies for its weight, Townshend snarled, “Sod ’em, they get paid.”

Marshall made him four 8x12 cabinets, each one open-back on the top half and closed-back on the lower.

After a couple of weeks on the road, Townshend returned and admitted Marshall had been right. He accepted the angled cab atop a straight cabinet, and the “stack” was born.

Townshend and Who bassist John Entwhistle were the biggest buyers of the towering Marshall rigs until a misunderstanding caused them to jump ship to Hiwatt.

But that’s another story.

Keith Moon and Pete Townshend of The Who perform on stage at the Corn Exchange on April 30th 1966 in Chelmsford, Essex.

Keith Moon and Pete Townshend performing with the Who in 1966. (Image credit: Chris Morphet/Redferns)

In this live clip featured in a 1966 promo interview filmed at Townshend’s London flat, the guitarist can be seen pummeling his Marshall during one of the Who's notoriously riotous shows. Note the angled speaker cabinet and black block logo of Townshend's model T1959 100-watt heads, as seen on Marshall amps dating between 1964-1965.

“I used to get feedback on the guitar which is this big whining noise,” recalls Townshend, “We used to smash the guitar into the amplifier which made a bang… Ever since then I’ve always smashed up guitars. It gets bigger and bigger.”

Rod Brakes

Rod Brakes is a music journalist with an expertise in guitars. Having spent many years at the coalface as a guitar dealer and tech, Rod's more recent work as a writer covering artists, industry pros and gear includes contributions for leading publications and websites such as GuitaristTotal Guitar, Guitar World (opens in new tab)Guitar Player (opens in new tab) and MusicRadar (opens in new tab) in addition to specialist music books, blogs and social media. He is also a lifelong musician.