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Jazz Great Wes Montgomery Explains Why the Guitar is “Not a Perfect Instrument”

American jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery (1923-1968) posed smoking a cigarette with a Gibson L-5 semi acoustic guitar in a television studio during a recording for the television series 'Tempo' in 1965
(Image credit: Popperfoto via Getty Images/Getty Images)

When the electric guitar began to catch on in the ‘50s and ‘60s, jazz music flourished and a new generation of guitar heroes emerged. Since the release of the L-5 jazzbox in 1923, Gibson had been leading the charge in the f-hole archtop market, and in 1951, the single-cutaway electric version – the L-5CES – made its debut.

1937 Gibson L-5N

This 1937 Gibson L-5N ('N' means Natural/blond finish, as opposed to sunburst) belonged to famed American jazz guitarist Allan Reuss, whose his name is engraved on the tailpiece. (Image credit: Future/Olly Curtis)

Considered to be one of Gibson’s finest designs, the L-5 has proven to be an instrument of choice for many a jazz legend over the decades, and in this film from the mid-‘60s, Wes Montgomery can be seen playing his famous ‘heart' guitar. 

With its rounded/Venetian cutaway and humbucker, this iconic instrument appears to be an L-5CES at first sight. It is, however, a modified single-cutaway L-5C.

1961 Gibson L-5CEST

A rare 1961 Gibson L-5CEST ('C' = Cutaway; 'ES = Electric Spanish; 'T' = Thinline). In 1960, Gibson started using a pointed/Florentine cutaway and reverted back to the earlier rounded/Venetian style in 1969. (Image credit: Future/Olly Curtis)

“Wes Montgomery was the leading ambassador of the L-5 for many years,” recalls Gibson archtop historian Thomas Van Hoose. “I got to examine Wes’ single pickup ‘heart’ guitar – which is probably the most famous L-5 – and discovered it is not an L-5CES, as is sometimes thought. 

"When we lifted out that PAF [humbucker], you could see the top braces had been cut through and the label said “L-5C”. And there were two little holes at the top of the neck where a DeArmond pickup had been.

Wes Montgomery. Publicity handout of Wes Montgomery, jazz guitarist, pictured here sitting, holding guitar in front of him, smiling. Undated photograph

Giant of Jazz Wes Montgomery with his modified Gibson L-5C 'heart' archtop (Image credit: Getty)

“L-5 guitars were most popular with jazz guitarists like Wes. Some of the early rock ‘n’ rollers like Scotty Moore used L-5 electrics, but the feedback problems, the size of instruments, and the fact that guitarists were jumping around on stage more and more meant the ES guitars were much better suited.

American jazz guitarist Wes Montgomery (1923-1968) performs with a Gibson L-5 semi acoustic guitar in a television studio during a recording for the television series 'Tempo' in 1965.

Wes Montgomery performing in 1965. (Image credit: Popperfoto via Getty Images/Getty Images)

"Think about Chuck Berry – he didn’t start with an L-5CES or Super 400CES. He started with a Les Paul Custom very early on then went to the ES-350T. Perfect. And from there, he went to the ES-335, 345 and 355 and stayed with those. So, the L-5CES was relegated away from rock ‘n’ roll and back to jazz and solo guitar, and the sales kind of reflected that. But it all had to start from somewhere!”

Discover more of Wes Montgomery's music here.