Known as the Black Album, Celebrated Pedal Steel Innovator Buddy Emmons’ ‘Emmons Guitar Inc.’ Is Shrouded in Mystery

Buddy Emmons 'Emmons Guitar Inc.' album artwork
(Image credit: Emmons Guitar)

Most collectors know Emmons Guitar Inc. as the Black Album, a fitting name for a record shrouded in mystery.

It was released in the late ’60s, or as late as 1971, and distributed by the Emmons Guitar label through music stores, specialty record shops and steel-guitar retailers.

Buddy Emmons was born in Indiana in 1937 and began playing lap steel at age 11. He joined Little Jimmy Dickens while still young and went on to make significant contributions to pedal-steel guitar and country music, recording with Ray Charles, Ernest Tubb, Ray Price, Roger Miller, the Everly Brothers, Danny Gatton and many others.

Don Everly (second from right), of the popular duo The Everly Brothers, enjoys a jam session with friends at the singer's Kentucky inn (Everly's Lake Malone Inn) in 1998. Everly, who was born in Kentucky, bought the inn in 1997 and enjoyed meeting guests and Everly Brothers fans. Playing with Everly are, from left: John Hartford and his son, Jamie Hartford. At far right is veteran country music pedal steel guitar player Buddy Emmons. The historic Kentucky inn burned to the ground in 2005.

L-R: John Hartford, Jamie Hartford, Don Everly and Buddy Emmons jamming in 1998. (Image credit: Robert Alexander/Archive Photos/Getty Images)

With collaborator Shot Jackson, Buddy made innovations to pedal-steel mechanics, leading to the signature Sho-Bud model.

He won the Academy of Country Music’s Best Steel Guitarist award nine times and was honored by the Country Music Hall of Fame.

It’s selling him short to narrow his body of work down to a few LPs, but Emmons Guitar Inc., the compilation Four Wheel Drive and his work with Ray Price made a huge impression on me.

He incorporated jazz and country seamlessly, and his counterpoint and voice leading seemed to follow the principles of Bach.

His harmonic/melodic sophistication within the context of country music paved the way for me to realize my potential as an instrumentalist.

A Sho-Bud Pedal Steel Lap Guitar is seen at the preview of Julien's Auctions'Property from The Gretsch Family Archives' in Beverly Hills, California, March 22, 2021.

A Sho-Bud pedal steel. (Image credit: VALERIE MACON / AFP) (Photo by VALERIE MACON/AFP via Getty Images)

Unfortunately, little information is available about Emmons Guitar Inc

Its lineup includes pianist Bill Pursell, bassist Chuck Sanders and drummer Marty Allred. 

According to the liner notes, Buddy invited some of his virtuoso friends to the session, and the Mount Rushmore of steel-guitar greats he convened includes Curley Chalker, John Hughey, Jimmy Day, Roy Wiggins and Ed Hamilton.

A standout track for me is Buddy’s own composition “Blue Jade.” Using the E9 neck, he plays a lovely pentatonic melody while making extensive use of chiming harmonics. His performance is dynamic while it retains a mood of serene beauty.

He also revisits Price’s version of Willie Nelson’s “Nightlife,” a tune that made Buddy’s reputation as an innovator, seamlessly incorporating jazz substitutions while keeping it unmistakably “country.”

I’ve tried to incorporate these ideas in my playing, but I never get close to approaching his musical heights

Jim Campilongo

The rest of the record walks that line with exceptional hot country jazz composed largely by Buddy.

The sound also takes surprising detours, such as the whimsical echo/delay on “Witches Brew.” But my favorite track is the traditional Irish tune “Danny Boy,” a heart-wrenching tour de force on which Buddy exhibits his total command of the E9 neck.

His dominant cadences ascend majestically, incorporating augmented 7ths embellished with daring # 9 and b9 movements. I’ve tried to incorporate these ideas in my playing, but I never get close to approaching his musical heights.

As magical as a six-string guitar can be, it pales in comparison when I try to imitate a pedal steel, especially as played by Buddy Emmons.

Special thanks to and Joe Goldmark for their help with this article.

Jim Campilongo

Jim Campilongo has 14 critically acclaimed instrumental records available on vinyl, CD and digital download here.